Cappadocia Hot Air Balloon: Todays Hot Air Balloons are manufactured from Dacron, a polyester, or a material such as ripstop nylon. The material is cut into panels and sewn together, with structural load tapes that bear the weight of the basket and its passengers. The individual sections which extend from the throat, the bottom, to the crown, the top, of the balloon, or envelope, are known as the gore sections or gores, and the envelopes can have as few as 4 or as many as 30 or more. The balloons have an aluminium crown ring of approximately 1ft, 30cm, in diameter at the very top to which are attached the vertical load tapes. At the bottom, the throat, the load tapes are sewn into loops which in turn are connected to cables, one cable per load tape, which are connected to the basket by carabiners.
The size of the hot air balloon Cappadocia or envelopes varies with the smallest, one person, basket-less balloon, known as “Cloud Hoppers” or “Hoppers” having as little as 21,000ft3, 600m3, of volume, to the most commonly used balloons, able to carry 24+ people, which have a volume of 600,000ft3, 17,000m3
The balloon usually has a vent which allows the pilot to release the hot air to allow the balloon to descend, or increase the rate of descent, usually for landing. The balloons that are used in Cappadocia also have side vents which are used to rotate the balloon to give passengers an “all round” view and, importantly, to facilitate the aligning of the rectangular baskets when landing. Once the basket is back on firm ground the vent is opened fully to collapse the balloon completely. Cappadocia Balloon Tours are amazing activity to explore lunar landscape and spectacular rock formation from air.